Serotonin is a neurotransmitter (a chemical messenger) that helps regulate mood, appetite, sleep, pain perception, and other bodily functions. It is also found in many areas of the brain, where it aids in the control of movement, memory, and learning.
Serotonin Production In The Body
Serotonin is produced by the gut bacteria in the large intestine. This means that when we consume foods high in tryptophan, such as turkey, chicken, beef, fish, eggs, milk, cheese, yoghurt, nuts, seeds, beans, lentils, peas, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, spinach, kale, tomatoes, avocados, bananas, apples, pears, peaches, plums, strawberries, cherries, mangoes, melons, watermelon, papaya, pineapple, kiwi fruit, oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruit, tangerines, figs, dates, raisins, prunes, apricots, and honeydew melon, it will help produce more serotonin.
Serotonin also plays a role in mood regulation. Serotonin deficiency has been linked to depression. Other factors, however, influence how much serotonin is present in the brain. Genetics, diet, stress, sleep, exercise, and even medications are examples of these.
Serotonin is produced by certain cells in the gut called enterochromaffin cells (EC). This cell type has receptors that respond to serotonin, so when serotonin is released into the blood stream, it binds to these receptors. This triggers a chain reaction that results in more serotonin being released.
Serotonin is also involved in the regulation of sleep. Serotonin levels fall during sleep, causing us to wake up feeling refreshed. We won't feel as rested at night if we don't produce enough serotonin during the day.
Serotonin is produced by certain cells in the brain called serotonergic neurons. These neurons communicate with other regions of the brain, including the hippocampus, amygdala, hypothalamus, and prefrontal cortex. They aid in the regulation of mood, appetite, sleep, memory, and learning.
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